Best things to do in Sacred Valley -Cusco Peru; View Since the time of the Incas, the Sacred Valley of Peru has helped agriculture to advance its microclimates have aided cultivation for generation after generation. It is also a fertile place for culture and the Inca fortresses are every bit as spectacular as Machu Picchu, the archeological star of Peru.
From citadels to sensational mountainside hotels, we know the best things to see and do in the Sacred Valley.
the Cusco Sacred Valley region is one of the best in Peru for doing tours
Pisaq arquelogical site.
These ruins, overlooking the Urubamba River less than an hour northeast of Cusco, are notable for their Inca waterworks and beautiful, curving agricultural terraces, which offer excellent vistas of the Sacred Valley. The religious buildings in particular are as finely made as those at Machu Picchu, and the site features one of Peru’s only remaining intihuatanas, enigmatic carved rocks that were used for astronomical observation. The town of Pisac, located beneath the ruins, also hosts a popular local crafts market.
In 1536, this settlement was the site of the Inca's greatest military victory over the invading Spaniards. Today, it is one of the only towns in Peru that retains its original Inca walls and street grid, dominated by long, ancient stone walls that once divided groups of homes around communal courtyards. An imposing set of stone terraces (from which the Inca assaulted their Spanish invaders with slingshots and arrows), capped by six enigmatic slabs of pink granite, looms above the town. Most trains to and from Machu Picchu stop at Ollantaytambo, making it an ideal overnight stop.
If you're looking for an authentic market experience, you can see locals come from miles away to sell their produce at the Sunday Chinchero Market. Open daily, the artisanal markets in Chinchero are some of the best places to find textiles. Within the large market building are smaller owner-operated stands where local weavers sell their own creations. There are also demonstrations of local dyeing and weaving techniques.
This unique archaeological site is one of the best examples—along with Machu Picchu—of what might be called extreme Inca landscaping. Three enormous pits, each with beautifully curved sides that staircase down like the interiors of titanic flowerpots, have been carved out of the earth to depths of up to 100 feet and more. Air temperatures between the top and bottom layers can differ by more than 20 degrees, which has led some researchers to theorize that Moray was an Inca agricultural site where experiments on crops were conducted.
Andean bar ,chicheria.
The chicha is a very traditional Peruvian drink since the time of the Incas , which has as its main ingredient the fermented corn . Its development continues to be craft today. Since ancient times, each region had its typical way of preparing chicha , as the ingredient used : carob in the north, quinoa, cañigua , molle , corn , potato , oca in the mountains, and cassava in the jungle. The chicha was used not only for its nutritional value but also for its religious function. It was customary at the beginning of each ceremony make a payment to the earth ( Tinka in Quechua ) , spilling some of chicha on the floor to thank the Apus (hills ) and Mother Earth ( Pachamama in Quechua ) . At the time of the Incas , corn was considered a sacred plant , which motivated celebration at harvest time and gave prestige, as it represented the agricultural wealth of the Inca empire .
Jewelry place,Incas jewelry
In PISAq are one place where you will see how process of manufacture , design,and melding minerals fine jewelry 950 silver and wooden crafts Silver 950 applications , all products are handmade....Gold was an important part of jewelry for Inca, during those days. The concept of gold was different though. More gold didn't indicate how rich a person, rather it meant whether you are blessed by God or not. Though the people could not wear gold as much as they would like to.
This Inca town, whose name means “Little Cusco” in Quechua, is believed to have been constructed by an early Inca emperor to mark the conquest of a nearby rival tribe. Today, it’s best known for its impressive number of stone buildings and commanding view of the Sacred Valley. What makes the ruins especially appealing, though, is that they are accessible only on foot, and can be reached from (Big) Cusco in less than a day, making them a popular overnight trip. Much of the scenic uphill journey is made through winding gorges and on original stone Inca roads.
Kachiqhata Incan quarries
The 6km hike to the Inca quarry on the opposite side of the river is a good walk from Ollantaytambo. The trail starts from the Inca bridge by the entrance to the village. It takes a few hours to reach the site, passing several abandoned blocks known as piedras cansadas – tired stone
Ancestor worship House
Like many ancient Andean people before them, the Incas viewed death in two ways. One was biological death, when the body ceased functionally and was cremated, buried, or mummified. The other was social death, when certain privileged individuals remained active in the minds, souls, and daily lives of the living until they were forgotten or replaced by other prominent figures. Some ancestors were never forgotten, however. They were considered heroic figures who gave the Inca their identity. Their corpses were mummified, revered, and saved as sacred objects. Ancestor veneration frightened the Spanish crown and clergy, who destroyed the burial chambers, or huacas, of these corpses in an attempt to undermine the ancestral foundation of the Incan empire.at ollantaytambo are real Incan Skulls still worshiping by andean people....dont mis that .
The myth of the Ayar brothers (for Mary compiled by Prof. Arturo Vega) the Inca Empire originated with the brothers Ayar , who came out of the windows of a place called Posada Pacaritambo or Dawn . According to the Eliorreta brothers , platforms arranged in a range represent esta magical place , as they are seen across the Urubamba River , atop the observatory Intipuncu , form a pyramid representation in which it may be the "windows" the Ayar brothers who left .This theory would be strengthened by the fact that the winter solstice sunrise a ray of light falls on one of the windows .