EXPLORE ADVENTURES PERU S.R.L, is a local company owned and operated by the manager, Ruben in Cusco, Peru. Ruben has lived in the Andes his entire life, and is proud of his ancestral roots, he is a model of self-improvement for his community. He was born in a small community called Choquepata. This is known as the land of the guinea pigs, where the most
requested regional typical dish is prepared. Choquepata is in the south valley of the Cusco city. Growing up in a small Quechuan village ignited his passion for his Incan heritage and his love of hiking in the surrounding mountains. Ruben went to a Quechua speaking Elementary and High School in his local village. He then went on to continue his studies at Cusco University where he studied Tourism after he studied Tourism Management at San Ignacio de Loyola University in Cusco. After working in the tourism industry in Cusco and Lima , he brings years of experience in the tourism .
PORTER, What is a porter?
Thousands of tourists hike the Inca Trail each year and this would not be possible without the help of our valuable porters who carry all of our equipment, personal belongings, food, and hiking gear. A porter is the most important person on the Inca Trail trek, and perhaps the most misunderstood both by tourists as well as Inca Trail tour operators. The porters are the most important because they are the ones making your tour as pleasant and comfortable as possible.
Who Are Porters
Question is, who are the porters?
Porters are indigenous Cusqueñian people who have lived in Cusco, at 4,000 meters high, all of their lives relying on the land of the Andes. Due to economic problems, it is important for these local indigenous people to continue working in the mountains they know so well, rather than give up their jobs in the country to move to the city. They prefer to stay in their local villages and support the education of their children by working as porters on tours. Sadly, many tour operators don't give them the recognition they deserve. Often tour operators do NOT provide porters with adequate clothing or gear for carrying things while paying them very low salaries. Because of this, you will see thirsty, hungry porters with a low morale along the Inca Trail. Our government has created the Law of the Porter, which requires tour agencies to treat porters better and provide necessary resources for them, but sadly, many of these regulations are not met. Please make sure that the agency you book through respects the Porter Law and be sure to ask for proof of this. Otherwise you could be contributing to the ill treatment of these hard-working porters.
Inca Trail Porters Protection Law No. 27607 (Dec 6th 2001)
Decreed Laws Numbers 19990 and 25897
Article 3 Conditions of work:
- Transport up to the point of departure to the end of the trip.
- Limit of load up of 20 kilograms.
- Warm equipment and accommodation
- Special belts to protect their backs from injuries
- Appropriate rest and sleep during the trip
- Provision of sufficient food, and appropriate clothing (warm jacket, rain ponchos, walking boots and backpacks)
- Fair and decent Payment on time on Day 4 at 10am Life / Accident Insurance the Social Security of Health
- Social Assistance to our Porter`s families not only in Christmas.
Article 6 Single, fair and decent payment to our crew.
Article 7 Minimum age of a porter is 18 years.
The Congress of the Peruvian Republic Lima, on December 6th 2001.
In these regulations, the travel agencies have to follow these rules.
Just 500 people including porters start the trek per day.
Travelers had to book for the Inca in advance at least 3 months before departure.
Porters were banned from carrying more than 50 kg. and it was reduce to 20 kg. Which is still very difficult to carry as the trek last for hours.
Porters had to have a union where they had to decide their salary per day, which is about 42 soles per day and about 168 soles per trek.
Porters did not have to carry any kerosene but instead all travel agencies had to provide a tank of gas, kitchen tent, dinning tent, tables and chairs.
They made several campsites in several different places, so groups had to arrive in those places and did not camp anymore in the Inca ruins.
All trash that was generated by the groups had to be taken out from the national park and separated out in different plastic bags of black, red, and green.
Groups have to be organized with tour guides with a minimum of 2 people and a maximum of 16 members and two guides.
Normally low prices imply ill-treatment and/or exploitation of Inca Trail porters.
Watch and see how our porters work
- Our Company, EXPLORE ADVENTURES PERU treats its porters well.
- Our porters and cooks work With Us on a regular basis.
- Our porters Have Life Insurance
-The families of the porters directly obtain the benefits of working with us.
-There is a house in Cusco where all the porters can rest before and after the journey.
How You Help
HOW YOU CAN YOU HELP?
1. Book your trip with a responsible company / tour operator
Currently, none of the trekking companies are perfect and there is still a lot of room for improvement. However, if you pay less than USD 600 for the Inca Trail, porter well-being is probably not a priority in the concerns of the company. When booking with a company, you should ask how porters are treated saying this is important to you. Legal salary, decent meals and warm and dry environment.
2. Hire a porter
Hiring a porter will make your trip more enjoyable, giving you time to enjoy the scenery instead of looking for your boots! People are also being given a job they really love and need to work.
3. Interacting with your porters
Talk to your porters, learn about their traditions and people. Share coca leaves with them. Even encourage them to sing some of their local songs. Most porters suffer from low self-esteem and shyness, so the first step is not to expect them to talk to you first.
4. Thank your porter
Show your porters that you appreciate them. Thank them verbally and give them a tip, though tips are optional. Report cases of abuse / exploitation / abandonment of porters. If you are not satisfied with how your porters are treated, you should complain to the guide. If he/she cannot solve the problem, make a big fuss at the agency office back in Cusco.
Porter Salaries (USD $1 = 2,75 soles)
The Peruvian government can be praised for introducing a new law in 2002 indicating that a porter must receive a minimum salary of 42 soles per day (about US$15). It can be said that only a few companies actually pay this salary; unfortunately, most companies have chosen to disregard this law and 30 soles seems to be the average salary companies pay their porters while some companies continue to pay salaries as low as 20 soles per day.
The maximum weight a porter can carry on the Inca Trail is limited to 25 kg. This includes his personal 5 kg. Each porter is weighed at the beginning of the route and then again at Wayllabamba at the start of the second day. This regulation was introduced in 2002 and has been strictly applied. Companies infringing this law receive penalties and risk losing their licenses. However, as with most regulations, many companies go to great efforts not to meet them.
Meals and sleeping conditions
The biggest difference between a responsible and an irresponsible society is how they care for their porters along the journey. Many porters are given very little to eat along the way. They have to wait and see how much the tourists have eaten so they can divide the leftovers among them accordingly. This leaves a lot of porters hungry and tired. In general, porters sleep together in the group dinner and cooking tents.
The Quechua race has a history of being oppressed, first by the Incas, then by the Spaniards and then by the land owners. Only in relatively recent reforms have the Quechua people started to own their own land. Due to their long history of being dominated by others, many of them have low self-esteem. It’s important that you try to get involved with the porters in your group along the Inca Trail. Take some coca leaves to share with them and try to learn a couple of basic words in Quechua (the guide will be pleased to help you). Many of the porters have amazing stories to tell about the traditions and life in their villages. At the end of the journey don’t forget to show you appreciate their work and value their contribution to the trek, by thanking them verbally and giving them a tip.
How much should I tip?
Tips for the guide and the cook depend on the quality of the service you received and that is your decision. Porters were probably the ones who worked the hardest carrying the camp equipment and shelter tents, so please don’t forget to tip them. The amount depends on you, but it is recommended that each porter in your group takes home an extra 30 to 40 soles. Try to bring a lot of small change so you can tip the porters directly, which is much better.
Proud to be Quechuas!!! -
We are a 100% locally owned and operated company! EXPLORE ADVENTURES offers an assortment of adventurous treks and exciting tour packages in Peru, specially designed to appeal to most visitors' budgets that doesn't have a negative impact on the environment or adversely affect local communities. EXPLORE ADVENTURES employees are local, Peruvian people. We work to invest in our own country and develop social work to offer our people a better life style and provide opportunities to keep growing. This is the main difference between local companies and foreign companies and associated companies. Joinus for the time of your life in Peru.